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Philosophy

In The Republic, Plato claims that the just society mirrors the state of the sou

In The Republic, Plato claims that the just society mirrors the state of the soul in a just person. Explain Plato’s position. How does this position lead him to conclude that a kind of meritocracy (rather than democracy) is the ideal form of government? How does Plato’s theory of the forms (and of our knowledge of the forms) influence his theory of the just society?Is Plato correct that meritocracy is ideal form of government? How might someone who disagrees with Plato critique his position?

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Philosophy

Critique this argument: “I once knew a gay couple. They used meth and were very

Critique this argument:
“I once knew a gay couple. They used meth and were very bad parents. So, it was obvious that being gay made them bad parents.”
What is the premise? The conclusion? What fallacy does this argument commit? How would we go about testing the conclusion that being gay causes bad parenting? How would we test to try make this conclusion stronger? Or, to show the conclusion is most likely false? What inductive techniques to make inductive arguments stronger should be used? Apply as many concepts from Chapter 3 in EL and Chapter 7 in RR as you can. (Relevant note: About 5% of the people in the United States use meth.)
Rubic:
Conclusion: ?
Premises: ?
Fallacy?
Describe how the conclusion of this argument could be tested better — how it could be made stronger and more probable, or how evidence could be found to show it is probably false. See if you can apply the concepts: induction by enumeration, observational or randomized controlled studies, and corroboration by higher-order or background knowledge.
Chapter 3: http://coursecontent1.honolulu.hawaii.edu/~pine/EL/chap3-EL-am.pdf
Chapter 7: https://www.softchalkcloud.com/lesson/serve/EvesN45BAmnI0Q/html

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Philosophy

Read the article and please answer question number 2 only. Present & explain th

Read the article and please answer question number 2 only.
Present & explain the first argument for moral relativism to which professor Beckwith introduces us in his essay. Present and explain the four problems he sees with this argument. Do you agree or disagree with him? Explain and defend your answer.

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Philosophy

Write short essays in answer to the following three questions. Each answer will

Write short essays in answer to the following three questions. Each answer will be no more than
one single-spaced page in length (with normal font and margins); this will, I imagine, in the
range of 500-700 words. In answering these questions, remember that in each case you will
present Kant’s position by making an argument rather than just reporting on a fact.

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Philosophy

Essay: Research a philosopher Write a 2 pages report of Socrates. Wikipedia is n

Essay: Research a philosopher
Write a 2 pages report of Socrates.
Wikipedia is not an acceptable source. The paper must include in-text citations and cover the following:
(1) A brief biography discussing only major events (do not write a lot about the philosopher’s childhood).
(2) A summary of his/her theories
(3) A bibliography in APA format of at least 3 credible sources.

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Philosophy

Welfare Case Analysis Overview and Instructions If you have not done so, be sure

Welfare Case Analysis
Overview and Instructions
If you have not done so, be sure to read the Case Analysis Structure Overview.
In this case analysis you have five tasks:
Give a clear and concise explanation of the case at hand.
Give a thorough, philosophical exegesis of the relevant aspects of Walzer’s and Murray’s arguments. (Click here for some tips on how to do a successful exegesis.)
Present an argument applying the relevant philosophers to the case at hand. This should include an argument justifying who each philosopher would give the welfare to and why.
Present an argument explaining why one of the philosophers can be viewed as offering a more successful solution to the case at hand.
In no more than one paragraph, explain what solution you would propose for Rebecca and Jimmy.
Case
Consider Rebecca, a single mother of 4 who has been a long-term welfare recipient. Rebecca is a weekend meth user who often spends her money on meth. However, without her welfare money, her children would not have any food or medical treatment and would most likely be placed in foster homes where their lives could go worse than they currently are. Rebecca’s yearly welfare application is due.
Now consider Jimmy, a veteran of both Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom. During the battle, Jimmy was wounded and now suffers from some moderate physical disability and post-traumatic stress. Sadly, although Jimmy tried to find a job, there weren’t many systems in place to help him re-integrate or work through his issues. Each day Jimmy begs for money at his local off-ramp. Through no fault of his own, Jimmy has fallen through the proverbial cracks. Jimmy applies for welfare.
Options
You are the welfare overseer. At most one person can get welfare. You can make ONE of the following three decisions:
Give welfare only to Rebecca
Give the welfare only to Jimmy
Don’t give any welfare

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Philosophy

What does Socrates mean by “The unexamined life is not worth living”? How can we

What does Socrates mean by “The unexamined life is not worth living”? How can we explain this view?
only use book provided as a source
if u need any help accesing the book, please let me know

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Philosophy

Welfare Forum 77 unread replies.77 replies. Instructions You are going to discus

Welfare Forum
77 unread replies.77 replies.
Instructions
You are going to discuss Welfare in terms of a current event. Your
Part I (Original Post)
Find a current event that deals with welfare and discuss it here. Be sure to bring one of this week’s readings to bear on the discussion.
Is Welfare Beneficial?
Overview
What, if anything, do we owe to each other? Do systems of redistribution help those who receive them or enslave those who pay into them? Do we have a right to assistance?
Read
Walzer
Notes on Walzer
Murray
Notes on Murray
Complete
Contribute your original (first) post and your peer reply to the Welfare Forum. (See below for a sample.)
Write your Welfare Case Analysis
Here is a former student’s Welfare Forum post. It’s a good sample. The student found an interesting Op-Ed piece, gave a brief analysis of the piece, and applied the same concepts from Murray and Walzer.
Here Links to an external site.is the original article associated with this sample
“The End of Welfare as we know it”
In the article, it gives the consequences of ending welfare to families and individuals in need of welfare. As of 2016, the motion to get rid of welfare is looking to be successful as many people are already losing their welfare. I agree that there should be a time limit to how long a person can use welfare when they are out of work and not volunteering because in my opinion, as an individual, you need to be actively working to better yourself. However, for state-by-state governments, there needs to be a more directed way to spend money on their welfare. By that, I mean that the government should analyze what the people in the state need most and act accordingly.
The numbers of those who have to drop welfare in the articles are astonishing. For example, the article states that in Arkansas, the number of welfare recipients went from 63,000 in 1995 to 9,901 in 2015. The article delves into different states and the status of welfare recipients in their respective states. Many of the government believe that those who can’t find a job; can always volunteer to receive welfare. But for some states, the volunteer places may require travel fees, work equipment, etc, all of which would require money. The states need to analyze what the people need most and act accordingly by distributing the money for welfare or increasing the time limit.
Murray would agree with the decisions of the state to start to create a stronger limit on welfare; however, he would advocate for the removal of welfare for the same reason. Though, the states seem to be unable to completely remove welfare; the states want to head in that direction as the amount of those receiving less welfare looks appealing. Murray observes the time limit would help lessen the net harm that he writes about in Law 3. However, Walzer would argue that there needs to be a membership made by the exchange of welfare for those in need. If Walzer were to look at the piece he would argue with the state that they have a moral right to help those who are starving and stop creating a time limit that may leave many starving people.

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Philosophy

It should be made up of two written texts using interpretive approach – Hermeneu

It should be made up of two written texts using interpretive approach – Hermeneutic Interpretivism and Frankfurt School’s Critical Theory for assignment 1 and for assignment 2 feminist approach and Post-structuralism.
The problem area:
There has been a significant improvement in the public’s attitude towards gays and lesbians since the 1970s. The stigma surrounding transgender individuals, however, persists. A significant portion of the transgender community is adversely impacted by discriminatory discourse, especially transgender women of colour, particularly Black transgender women. What role do social injustices and forms of violence experienced by Black transgender women play in the growing number of violent deaths within this community?
Instructions of the paper:
1. The first text should outline and discuss the implications of TWO of the following approaches to the philosophy of social science for the study of a specific project or academically relevant problem/issue of your choice: a) positivism and critical rationalism; b) interpretative approaches; c) critical theory. 2. With reference to the SAME project or academically-relevant problem/issue of your choice, the second text should outline and discuss the implications of TWO of the following approaches: a) critical realism; b) feminism; c) social constructivism; d) poststructuralism. Each text should be between 6,000 and 9,000 characters, including spaces, so long as the total combined length submitted does not exceed 16,800 characters. That overall limit includes the cover, table of contents, bibliography, figures and other illustrations but excludes any appendices. Your first text should include a very brief and clear outline of your chosen project or problem/issue. But your focus in both texts should be on the implications of these approaches for its study, including the kinds of knowledge, methods and perspectives on your issue that each approach gives rise to.
You should also compare and evaluate the approaches you are considering in each case, including how they might challenge or supplement each other, and how they might inform your study in different ways. To do well in the assignment, it is important to demonstrate you are able to work with the approaches and literatures in relation to your chosen project or problem/issue. You also need to draw on readings beyond the basics, and to show appreciation of different positions and arguments within these approaches (so, for instance, through referring to particular authors and arguments rather than only the general approach). Each of your submitted texts should reference AT LEAST three different relevant readings from the course literature. These need to be referenced correctly and maybe presented in a combined reference list at the end.
References –
Part 1
Delanty, Gerard 2005, Hermeneutics and interpretation. In his Social Science: Philosophical and Methodological Foundations. Berkshire, Open University Press, pp. 41-62. (see pdf below)
Gadamer, Hans-Georg, “The universality of the hermeneutical problem”, available online [with an introduction; the original article starts on page 77] at file:///C:/Users/bthomas/Downloads/370057857-01-16-Gadamer-The-Universality-of-the-Hermaneutical-Problem.pdf (see also pdf below). This text is a bit difficult; try! and bring questions to class!
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/gadamer/ (helpful for overview of Gadamer’s approach)
Kellner, Douglas 2005, The Frankfurt School. In George Ritzer (ed.), The Sage Encyclopedia of Social Theory. London, Sage. https://sk-sagepub-com.ep.fjernadgang.kb.dk/reference/socialtheory/n111.xml
Alvesson, Mats and Sköldberg, Kaj 2009. Critical theory. In Reflexive Methodology: New Vistas for Qualitative Research. London, Sage, second edition, pp. 144-78. Attached below. The last sections on the methodological implications on pp. 162-77 are particularly helpful for addressing your projects, so make sure you read these (don’t get stuck on earlier parts)!
Held, David 1990, Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Cambridge, Polity. Available at https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/kbdk/detail.action?docID=1584068.
Part 2
Bacchi, Carol and Goodwin, Susan 2016, Poststructural Policy Analysis: A Guide to Practice. New York, Palgrave. See Part I, pp. 3-53. https://link-springer-com.ep.fjernadgang.kb.dk/book/10.1057/978-1-137-52546-8
Foucault, Michel 2003 [1966], The order of things and [1976] Power/knowledge. In G. Delanty and P. Strydom, editors, Philosophies of Social Science. Maidenhead, Open University Press, pp. 347-53.
Collins, Patricia Hill [1986], The sociological significance of black feminist thought, pp. 416-20. (The full paper is at https://www-jstor-org.ep.fjernadgang.kb.dk/stable/800672; see especially the sections on ‘The sociological significance of Black feminist thought’, ‘Two elements of sociological paradigms’ and ‘Toward synthesis’, on pp. 24-26 and 29-30).
Code, L. 2013, Feminist epistemology. In Bryon Kaldis, editor, Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. London, Sage, pp. 354-56. http://dx.doi.org.ep.fjernadgang.kb.dk/10.4135/9781452276052.n133

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Philosophy

Explain the argument from arbitrariness for permissivism. Does this argument sho

Explain the argument from arbitrariness for permissivism. Does this argument show that extraordinary objects exist? Give a response on behalf of the conservative, and evaluate its success.